Castles of Spain - The Alcazaba of Antequera is a fortess in Antequera,Malaga, Spain . It was erected in the 14th century to counter the Christian advance from the north, over Roman ruins. The Arab Muslim invasion of the Iberian peninsula began in 711. Antequera (Roman Antikaria) was conquered around 716, and was renamed "Antaquira". Its full name was Medina Antaquira, the word Medianh or Madinah meaning "city" in Arabic.