PATRICIA BATH, (Nov.4, 1942-Present) Inventor - In 1981 she began work on the "Laserphaco Probe." It utilized a laser and two tubes, one of which served for irrigation and the other for suctions (aspiration). The laser was used to make a small incision in the eye and the laser would quickly vaporize the cataracts. She was the 1st Black person to complete a residency in ophthalmology in 1970. Her parents instilled within her a feeling of opportunity and excitement for her future.