WHAT REMAINS on the 36-acre Temple Mount platform today is the result of two major building efforts: The first began in about 20 B.C.E., when Herod initiated a massive expansion of the Temple grounds; the second occurred under the Umayyad caliphs in the late seventh century C.E. For more, click on the link. Photo: Richard Nowitz.
ISLAM ON THE TEMPLE MOUNT. Looming over Jerusalem, the Dome of the Rock stands as a mighty prayer in stone. The Islamic shrine, erected by the Umayyad caliph ‘Abd al-Malik (685–705 C.E.), served as a physical emblem of the dominance of Islam, replacing its Christian predecessor. Before the Arab conquest, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was the most imposing structure in Jerusalem and the sacred center of the city. For more, click on the link. Photo: Richard Nowitz.
OLD CITY OF JERUSALEM - Dung Gate - This is the main vehicular access to the Western Wall (Kotel) plaza. It is located near the center of the southern portion of the city, close to the Temple Mount, just east of “Tanners’ Gate.” It leads into the Jewish Quarter.