Ensō (円相) is a Japanese word meaning “circle” and a concept strongly associated with Zen. It symbolizes the Absolute enlightenment, strength, elegance, the Universe, and the void; it can also symbolize the Japanese aesthetic itself.
The reality of transnational innovation and dissemination of new technologies, including digital media, has yet to make a dent in the deep-seated culturalism that insists on reinscribing a divide between the West and Japan.
DONALD RICHIE – US-born author who wrote about the Japanese people, the culture of Japan & especially Japanese cinema. Although he considered himself primarily a film historian, Richie also directed a number of experimental films, the first when he was