Although by no means first to use the term, phenomenology was perhaps popularised by Husserl and Heidegger. Heidegger wrote extensively about ‘being’, and his (often opaque) works highlight a problem in perspective which comes from examining one’s.
Descartes’ famous quotation has almost become a cliché: an overused aphorism thrown in wild association at even the word ‘Philosophy’, but it’s beauty lies in its bold simplicity. It is most frequently translated as: “I think, therefore I am”.
Although a simplification, #Rousseau's Noble Savage suggested that man, in his natural state, was good, kind and generous. This was in stark contrast to #Hobbes, who argued the 'State of Nature' of natural man was "nasty, brutish, and short". For Rousseau, it was excessive society, with it's laws and structures, which brought out the worst in us, as it served only to promote wealth and what he called 'unfreedom'. #philosophy #politics #liberty #politicaltheory
For #Dewey, #education had been plagued by an obsession to mould a student’s mind to an accepted norm based on a set and standardised #curriculum. Progressive Education, presented as an alternative, argues that education should ultimately fit the needs of the student not only in their interests, needs and wants but also in what role they want to play in society. It is not simply ‘doing what you want’ but coming to share a ‘social conciousness’ and how we all can contribute to our #society.
Authoritarianism-Submission to authority and opposed to individualism and democracy. An authoritarian government is one in which political power is concentrated in a leader who possesses exclusive, unaccountable, and arbitrary power.