Early Middle Ages
"Byzantine Imperial Guardsmen in action, 995", Giuseppe Rava • This important staff officer of the senior Tághma is based upon a portrait dated to 1007, of Iohannes, a Proximos with the court rank of Protospathários, who served under the Dhoux Theodorakan in the Théma of Armenia. Note his gilded klivanion, and the cross standard
the Battle of Brunanburh by Gerry Embleton. The Battle of Brunanburh was an English victory in 937 by the army of Æthelstan, King of England, and his brother Edmund over the combined armies of Olaf III Guthfrithson, the Norse–Gael King of Dublin; Constantine II, King of Alba; and Owen I, King of Strathclyde. Though relatively little known today, it was called "the greatest single battle in Anglo-Saxon history before the Battle of Hastings.