One of Queen Victoria's Turkish brooches - In June 1838, soon after her coronation, Queen Victoria received a star-shaped brooch of emeralds and diamonds from Sultan Mahmud II. In the centre of the brooch is the Sultan’s tughra in brilliant cut diamonds. The tughra is the Sultan’s personal calligraphic monogram which was affixed to all official documents, correspondence, coins and seals. The tughra of Mahmud II reads: ‘Mahmud Khan son of Abdülhamid is forever victorious’.

Emerald and Diamond Brooch - One of Queen Victoria's Turkish brooches - coronation gift from Sultan Mahmud II. In the centre of the brooch is the Sultan’s tughra in brilliant cut diamonds. The tughra is the Sultan’s personal calligraphic monogram.

The Tanzimât (Ottoman Turkish: تنظيمات), literally meaning reorganization of the Ottoman Empire, was a period of reformation that began in 1839 and ended with the First Constitutional Era in 1876. The Portrait of Sultan Mahmud II in 1830-Tanzimât reform era was characterized by various attempts to modernize the Ottoman Empire and to secure its territorial integrity against nationalist movements from within and aggressive powers from outside of the state. The reforms encouraged Ottomanism…

Portrait of the Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II after his clothing reforms.

Tugra Mahmuds II

Tugra Mahmuds II

The stylized signature of Sultan Mahmud II of the Ottoman Empire was written in Arabic calligraphy. It reads Mahmud Khan son of Abdulhamid is forever victorious.

A delicate gold she'arieh necklace, probably from Hebron, Palestine, worn by a Christian Palestinian.  Or from the Ottoman empire. With gilt silver flower bud shapes and 10 golden coins from the period of Sultan Mahmud II (1836) and that of Sultan Abdulhamid II (1876.)

A delicate gold she'arieh necklace, probably from Hebron, Palestine, worn by a Christian Palestinian. Or from the Ottoman empire. With gilt silver flower bud shapes and 10 golden coins from the period of Sultan Mahmud II (1836) and that of Sultan Abdulhamid II (1876.)

Mahmud II before his clothing reform in 1826. - Mahmud II (Ottoman Turkish: محمود ثانى Mahmud-u sānī, محمود عدلى Mahmud-u Âdlî) (Turkish: II. Mahmud) (20 July 1789 – 1 July 1839) was the 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839. He was born in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, the posthumous son of Sultan Abdulhamid I.

Mahmud II by John Young - Mahmud II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tughra of Mahmud II

Egyptian 1 pound coin

One Qirsh Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II

About uncirculated or better 1831 AH/Year One Egyptian Qirsh or one Piastre billon coin; struck in Caio Egypt during reign of Ottoman Sultan Mahmud

Dynamo 5 Issue #1 - Read Dynamo 5 Issue #1 comic online in high quality

Dynamo 5 Issue #1 - Read Dynamo 5 Issue #1 comic online in high quality

Ottoman kilij sword with rhino horn grips, silver-gilt mounts with marks, Reign Of Mahmud II (1223-1255 A.H. Corresponding To 1808-39 A.D.)

Ottoman kilij sword with rhino horn grips, silver-gilt mounts with marks, Reign Of Mahmud II A. Corresponding To A.

A Turkish Silver-Gilt Mounted Kilij. Turkish Silver Marks, Reign Of Mahmud II (1223-1255 A.H. Corresponding To 1808-39 A.D.)

A Turkish Silver-Gilt Mounted Kilij. Turkish Silver Marks, Reign Of Mahmud II…

Turkey: Mahmud II (1808-1839): #Gold Cedid Mahmudiye AH 1223/28 Oro Or #472

Turkey: Mahmud II (1808-1839): #Gold Cedid Mahmudiye AH 1223/28 Oro Or #472

Mahmud Ii, Turkey, Coins, Peru

signed by  Sultan of the Ottoman Mahmud II (1784-1839) Mahmud II, was taught the art of calligraphy first by Gebecizade Mehmet Vasfi Efendi and later by Ustad Mustafa Rakim.

signed by Sultan of the Ottoman Mahmud II Mahmud II, was taught the art of calligraphy first by Gebecizade Mehmet Vasfi Efendi and later by Ustad Mustafa Rakim.

AH 1223//25 Mahmud II Turkey 5 Kurush Silver coin NGC XF45

AH 1223//25 Mahmud II Turkey 5 Kurush Silver coin NGC XF45

Mahmud Ii, Silver Coins, Turkey, Peru

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