IBERIA. (Pre-Roman Spain) - los celtiberos / Numancia / Spain.. The falcata is a type of sword typical of the pre-Roman Iberian Peninsula (modern Spain and Portugal). The falcata was used to great effect by the armies of Carthage in their wars against Rome. Roman armies in the Second Punic War and later, during the Conquest of Hispania, were surprised by the quality of these weapons, used by Iberian mercenaries and warriors.