St. Bernard Vanquishing the Devil, German, 15th century, Metropolitan Museum of Art collection

Saint Bernard Vanquishing the Devil, Anonymous (German, Upper Rhine), century, hand colored woodcut.

The Beatus of Facundus

Beatus de Facundus (or Beatus de León), dating to 1047 and painted by a man called Facundus for Ferdinand I and Queen Sancha.

Illumination from the "Commentary on the Apocalypse', ("Commentaria in Apocalypsin'), by the Spanish theologist and monk Beatus of Liébana, also known as 'Beatus'. Wrtitten in 776, revised in 786. This work has been copied several times. Today 26 copies stil exist.

Illumination from the "Commentary on the Apocalypse', ("Commentaria in Apocalypsin'), by the Spanish theologist and monk Beatus of Liébana, also known as 'Beatus'. Wrtitten in revised in This work has been copied several times.

Beatus of Liebana was an eighth century Spanish monk who wrote an influential text called the Commentary on the Apocalypse. In the eleventh century, two monks at the Monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos, Cantabria, copied this text into a book of holy texts. Later monks of the same monastery added the wonderful illustrations. The manuscript is now in the British Museum.

Depiction of Daniel and the lions Beato de Silos. Illuminated Manuscript - Spain (Silos), 1109 The British Library.

The Beatus of Facundus (1047). #miniature

From the Beatus of Facundus or Beatus de León. Painted by a man called Facundus for Ferdinand I and Queen Sancha. Illustrates the Commentary on the Apocolypse by Beatus de Liébana.

British Library, Add MS 11695, detail of f. 147v. Beatus of Liébana, Commentary on the Apocalypse. 1091-1109

demonagerie: “ British Library, Add MS detail of f. Beatus of Liébana, Commentary on the Apocalypse.

Beato de Doña Sancha

From the Beatus of Facundus or Beatus de León. Painted by a man called Facundus for Ferdinand I and Queen Sancha. It is composed of 312 leaves and 98 miniatures. Illustrates the Commentary on the Apocolypse by Beatus de Liébana.

Beatus of Liébana, Commentaria in Apocalypsin (the 'Beatus of Saint-Sever’), Saint-Sever before 1072 (BnF, Latin 8878, fol. 184v)

The Beast, the Dragon and the False Prophet. Beatus of Liébana, Commentaria in Apocalypsin (the 'Beatus of Saint-Sever’), Saint-Sever before 1072 BnF, Latin fol.

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