Franz Kafka was a culturally influential German-language author of short stories and novels. Contemporary critics and academics regard Kafka as one of the best writers of the century. The term "Kafkaesque" has become part of the English language.
Marcel Proust's 'Swann’s Way,' the first in his seven-volume cycle 'Remembrance of Things Past' (À la recherche du temps perdu), turns 100 today. You can read the work in its entirety online, for free.