A photograph of Christian Döbereiner, examining a baryton in the museum in Munich. In addition to championing the viol in Germany and the USA, Mr. Döbereiner also authored one of the first tutors for playing on the viol da gamba, which was published very early into the 20th C. He edited a substantial number of works for the viola da gamba and for the baryton.
Viola di Pardone (Baryton) Essentially, the Baryton is a viola da gamba with six or seven strings but with many thin metal strings running under the fingerboard. These can be plucked with the thumb of the left hand while the other strings are bowed.
The baryton differs from the bass viol in having an additional set of wire strings. These perform two functions: they vibrate sympathetically with the bowed strings, enriching the tone, and they can also be plucked by the left thumb of the performer, creating a contrasting tonal quality. As can be seen in the illustration, the bowed strings are placed on the right, where they can be easily fingered by the player's left hand. The plucked strings are on the left; they were reachable by the…
Baryton Germany about 1720 Carved sycamore, planed pine and sycamore, engraved ivory and tortoiseshell veneer Length 133 cm (total)Length 70 cm (belly)Depth 14 cmWidth 19 cm (Upper bout)Width cm (Lower bout) Copyright Victoria and Albert Museum